Annotated Checklist of Cultivated Plants of Hawai‘i
Clyde T. Imada, George W. Staples, and Derral R. Herbst


Ayers, P. & R. Kariel 1984. Honolulu Botanical gardens inventory. Friends of Foster Garden Press, Honolulu. 200 pp.

Clay, H. F. & J. C. Hubbard. 1977a. The Hawai‘i Garden, Tropical Exotics. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 266 pp.

Clay, H. F. & J. C. Hubbard. 1977b. The Hawai‘i Garden, Tropical Shrubs. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 294 pp.

Herbst, D. R. & W. D. Clayton. (in prep.) Checklist of Pacific grasses. Bishop Museum, Herbarium Pacificum and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Honolulu Botanic Gardens (W. Singeo). 1994–95. (Unpublished inventory of accessions, including all 5 gardens in the system).

Kartesz, J. T. & J. W. Thieret. 1991. Common names for vascular plants: guidelines for use and application. Sida (14(3): 421–434.

Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: a concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Rev. ed. New York: Macmillan Publ. Co. 1290 pp.

Little, E. L., & R. G. Skolmen. 1989. Common Forest Trees of Hawai, native and introduced. USDA Forest Service, Agricultural Handbook 679. 321 pp.

Lorence, D., T. Flynn, D. Ragone, and M. Chapin. 1995. Checklist of taxa in NTBG living collections. Unpublished manuscript, 32 pp.

Lyon Arboretum, Harold L. 1994–95. Unpublished printout,

Mabberley, D. J. 1990. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the higher plants. Reprinted with corrections. Cambridge Univ. Press, London, 706 pp.

Motooka, P., L. Castro, D. Nelson, G. Nagai & L. Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawai‘i’s pastures and natural areas. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu. 184 pp.

Neal, M. C. 1965. In gardens of Hawaii. 2nd ed. Special Publ. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. #50. 924 pp.

Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden staff. 1988. Plants of the Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden growing at Lawai and Kahanu. Unpublished printout, 61 pp.

Palmer, D. D. 2003. Hawai‘i’s ferns and fern allies. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 324 pp.

Porter, J. R. 1972. Hawaiian names for vascular plants. Hawaii Agric. Exp. Sta. Univ. Hawaii Dept. Pap. 1: 1–64.

Pukui, M. K., and S. H. Elbert. 1986. Hawaiian dictionary. Rev. and enl. ed. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 572 pp.

Rotar, P. P. 1968. Grasses of Hawaii. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 355 pp.

Wagner, W. L., D. R. Herbst & S. H. Sohmer. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai‘i. Rev. ed. Univ. Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 2 vols. 1919 pp.

Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden. 1988. Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden living plant inventory 1988. Waimea Arboretum Foundation, Haleiwa, 163 pp.

Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden. 1994. Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden living plant inventory 1994. Waimea Arboretum Foundation, Haleiwa, 197 pp.

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